#1. Brown Bear
Source: National Geographic
The brown bear is one of the most common bear species in the world, residing mainly in Eurasia. They are the largest predators of Europe and weigh up to 480 kg. These bears inhabit the Balkans, Russia and the Alps. Their diet consists of both meat from fish, small mammals, birds and also plants. Unlike their relatives in North America, Eurasian brown bears are somewhat calmer and less dangerous. However, it is recommended to not approach or disturb a half ton, 2.5 m carnivore, especially when it is hungry. They are also the symbolic animals in Europe, especially Russia.
#2. Eurasian Wolf
These animals come second as the apex predators in Europe. Wolves are smaller, and more deadly, compared to bears. These professional hunters can chase and catch almost every species on this continent, including reindeers, goats, bison, deer,… They are found everywhere in Europe, except for the British islands and France. An adult wolf might weigh 50 kg and lengthen 160 cm.
#3. Eurasian Lynx
Source: Romania Insider
In history, lions used to live in the south of Europe, Greece. However, they became extinct a long time ago. Which means there are no significant big cat species remaining in European countries. Therefore, the lynx is the only notable cat species. You can find them in mountainous areas and Scandinavian forests or Eastern Europe where the climate is cold enough. There are 6 subspecies of these animals. A lynx feeds on small mammals such as rabbits, squirrels, young moose and mice.
#4. European Bison
They are one of the two bison species, the other one is American bison living in America and Canada. In the past, they were extinct in the wild. However, thanks to conservation, these animals are thriving again in this continent. They are closely related to other animals such as cattle, yaks and gaur. Despite their significant sizes, bison are prey on by humans, wolves and bears.
Source: Wild Deer Magazine
The moose are native to the Baltic states and Eastern European countries such as Poland and Russia. They are among the largest herbivorous animals. Moose have fascinating antlers which help them to threaten and fight predators. Being a member of the deer family, the moose share many similarities to other members of this species. Due to its enormous size, a moose needs to consume a large amount of food everyday.
#6. Great Bustard
This species is the largest bird of Europe, living mainly in Spain and Portugal. A grown male bird might have a wingspan of around 2.5 m and weigh 15 to 20 kg. In spite of its size, a bustard is still able to fly at a high speed. Therefore, they are also one of the heaviest flying animals which remain until today. The great bustard is a vulnerable species. Its biggest threats are human’s illegal hunting and poaching.
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